AUR#825 Mar 19 Seventeen Demands By The Opposition, Supported By The President; Nuclear Fuel; ADM; NATO; Holodomor 75th Council; Missile Defense

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ACTION UKRAINE REPORT – AUR           
                 An International Newsletter, The Latest, Up-To-Date
                     In-Depth Ukrainian News, Analysis and Commentary

                      Ukrainian History, Culture, Arts, Business, Religion,
         Sports, Government, and Politics, in Ukraine and Around the World       

                        
ACTION UKRAINE REPORT – AUR – Number 825
Mr. E. Morgan Williams, Publisher and Editor, SigmaBleyzer
KYIV, UKRAINE, MONDAY, MARCH 19, 2007

               –——-  INDEX OF ARTICLES  ——–
            Clicking on the title of any article takes you directly to the article.               
   Return to the Index by clicking on Return to Index at the end of each article
1.             THE SEVENTEEN DEMANDS BY THE OPPOSITION,
                      SUPPORTED BY PRESIDENT YUSHCHENKO
Full text of the joint statement by ByuT and Our Ukraine
Blocs signed in the presence of President Viktor Yushchenko
Posted on www.expres.ua on March 13, 2007 (in Ukrainian)
Action Ukraine Report (AUR) #825, Article One (In English)
Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday, March 19, 2007

2.     U.S. COMMITS $14 MILLION TO U.S.-UKRAINE NUCLEAR
                            FUEL QUALIFICATION PROJECT
U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Public Affairs
Washington, D.C., Thursday, March 15, 2007

3.                         NUCLEAR POWER IN UKRAINE
           Ukraine is heavily dependent on nuclear energy – it has 15
                           reactors generating half of its electricity.
Ukraine receives most of its nuclear services and nuclear fuel from Russia.
World Nuclear Association, London, United Kingdom, February 2007

4ADM COMPLETES ACQUISITION OF UKRAINIAN SUNSEED
                   CRUSHING FACILITY IMEZ FROM RISOIL
By Nicci Pugh, Food Business Review Online
London, United Kingdom, Friday, 16th March 2007

5.         UKRAINE JOINS GLOBAL INITIATIVE TO COMBAT
                                  NUCLEAR TERRORISM
Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State
Washington, DC, Friday, March 16, 2007
 
6.     U.S. SENATE APPROVES ADDING FIVE COUNTRIES TO
                                NATO INCLUDING UKRAINE
Associated Press, Washington, D.C., Friday, March 9, 2007

7.                         PLAYING THE UKRAINIAN CARD
                   Timoshenko should be writing a thank-you note to
                             Putin for the success of her U.S. visit.
COMMENTARY: By Nina L. Khrushcheva
International Herald Tribune, Paris, France, Thursday, March 15, 2007

8.      UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT, DENMARK SPEAKER DISCUSS
                               DEEPENING OF COOPERATION 
Liudmyla Martynova, Ukrainian News Agency
Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, March 16, 2007

9PRESIDENT YUSHCHENKO SETS UP COORDINATION COUNCIL

           FOR PREPARING EVENTS ON 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF
                                  HOLODOMOR OF 1932-1933
Ukrainian News Agency, Kyiv, Ukraine, Thursday, March 15, 2007

10UKRAINIAN PRESIDENTIAL HOLODOMOR COORDINATING

     ANNIVERSARY OF THE HOLODOMOR 1932-1933 IN UKRAINE
      First sitting, March 19, Kyiv, Ukraine, Ukrainian House, 15:00-18:00
Action Ukraine Report (AUR) #825, Article 10
Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday, March 19, 2007
                  MISSILE DEFENSE TO BENEFIT SECURITY 
Itar-Tass, Moscow, Russia, Friday, March 16, 2007

13. HRYTSENKO CONSIDERS ANTI-MISSILE SYSTEM IN CZECH
REPUBLIC & POLAND STRENGTHENING EUROPEAN SECURITY 

Olha Volkovetska, Ukrainian News Agency

Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, March 16 , 2007

14.    REPRESENTATIVES OF UKRAINE AND RUSSIA ‘COULD

                           US AMBASSADOR TO KYIV SAYS
Interfax-Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, March 16, 2007

15.           TEXAS MAN SPREADING THE SOUNDS OF JOY
                         TO UKRAINE’S ORPHANS IN ODESSA
By Jim Butler, Eagle Staff Writer, The Bryan-College Station Eagle
Bryan, Texas, Sunday, March 18, 2007

16.    HER DARE-DEVIL LITERARY LEAP FROM TRACTORS TO
           CARAVANS: PROFILE OF AUTHOR MARINA LEWYCKA
PROFILE: Of novelist Marina Lewycka
First Novel: “A Short History of Tractors In Ukrainian”
The Sunday Times, London, UK, Sunday, March 18, 2007

17. UKRAINE WEEK AT WAYNE STATE UNIV, DETRIOT, MICHIGAN
    Join Us For Series Of Events Exploring The History & Culture Of Ukraine!
                       Monday through Thursday, March 26-29, 2007
Action Ukraine Report (AUR) #825, Article 17
Washington, D.C., Monday, March 19, 2007

18.              ITALY’S ALTERNATIVE TO NURSING HOMES:

                                  UKRAINIAN CAREGIVERS
Davide Berretta, Contributor to The Christian Science Monitor
Boston, MA, Thursday, March 15, 2007
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1
  THE SEVENTEEN DEMANDS BY THE OPPOSITION,
             SUPPORTED BY PRESIDENT YUSHCHENKO

Full text of the joint statement by ByuT and Our Ukraine
Blocs signed in the presence of President Viktor Yushchenko
Posted on www.expres.ua on March 13, 2007 (in Ukrainian)
Action Ukraine Report (AUR) #825, Article One (In English)
Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday, March 19, 2007

“Due to unprofessional running of the country by the so-called anti-crisis
coalition, Ukraine is afflicted with a full-fledged political, social and
economic crisis unseen in the history of independent Ukraine. The

situation has endangered the national security of Ukraine.

For the first time since gaining independence, Ukraine is faced with a real
threat of losing its independence.

Due to the proposed entry in the Single Economic Space with Russia,
deliberately created and growing dependence of the country on energy
supplies from Russia, rejection of Ukraine’s EU aspirations, destruction

of the Ukrainian identity, Ukraine will inevitably cede part of its
sovereignty.

The country has been hit with managerial chaos, a sharp increase in the
number of Ukrainians living below the poverty line, continued opaque
transfer of national wealth to oligarchs, growing black market economy,
rampant corruption and crime, various crises involving agriculture, utility
payments, customs, etc. This is just a short list of problems that
increasingly begin to afflict Ukraine.

The threats may become irreversible following a possible creation, by
coercion and graft, of a 300-strong constitutional majority in Verkhovna
Rada by the present ruling coalition.

At this crucial moment, the parliament of Ukraine, which should have been
playing a stabilizing role in accordance with the constitution and common
sense, has irreversibly turned into an obedient tool of the Yanukovych
government, rubberstamping destabilizing legislation proposed by the
government.

We place the responsibility for everything going on in the country
personally on V. Yanukovych, his docile majority in VR, his government

and his pocket allies, Symonenko and Moroz.

Today, all political parties and executive structures must urgently take
steps in order not to lose our independence in the near future.

The parliamentary opposition demands that the following

steps be taken to stop the looming threat.

1. To put to a referendum the form of state governance in Ukraine, draw
up and adopt a new constitution.
The rash and unbalanced political reform triggered off a deep conflict which
apparently cannot be resolved by negotiation. The reform has become a tool
for a planned destruction of Ukraine as a strong and stable country.

We demand that urgent steps be taken to find the way out of the present deep
constitutional crisis, to end the stand-off and chaos in the executive. This
can be achieved by adopting a new constitution which will set up the
required balance and harmony in governance and return political stability.

The key role here belongs to the people that must have its say about the
form of the state governance in Ukraine (presidential or parliamentary
republic).

It is urgently needed, therefore, to announce and hold a referendum only

on this issue. The parliament and government are to nominate their
representatives for a constitutional commission initiated by Pres.
Yushchenko.

2. To confirm Ukraine’s foreign policy agenda.


We need to confirm Ukraine’s foreign policy course as envisaged by the
law “On the concept of Ukraine’s national security.”

The leading role of the president in defining the foreign policy as
envisaged by the Constitution must be implemented politically, legally and
organizationally. The president must have the right to nominate a foreign
minister to be later approved by VR.

3. To stop the onslaught on the Ukrainian language and culture.

Attempts to narrow the use of the Ukrainian language and political
provocations based on this issue must be stopped. Draft laws tabled in
VR aimed against the Ukrainian language must be dropped off its agenda.

Decisions by coalition-controlled local councils challenging the
constitutional role of Ukrainian must be revoked. Attempts to destroy

the Ukrainian culture and national identity must be stopped.

4. To stop politicizing, criminalization and corruption in law-enforcement.

The following officials in the Interior Ministry, General Prosecutor’s
Office must be sacked: Interior Minister Tsushko, his deputies and heads of
oblast police departments implicated in criminal offenses; Prosecutor
General Medvedko, his deputies and oblast prosecutors who are linked with
criminal clans.

Politically non-affiliated officials, chosen by a consensus decision by the
president, government, parliamentary majority and opposition, must be
appointed.

Investigation of high-profile criminal cases must be resumed.

A new head of the Security Service nominated by Pres. Yushchenko

must be urgently approved by VR.

Any military functions by the Interior Ministry must be terminated. The
president must subordinate to himself the internal troops of the Interior
Ministry and other military formations, as stipulated by Paragraph 17, Art.
106 of the Constitution.

5. To rupture criminal links between business and power, which lead to
corruption in ministries; to sack ministers and their deputies who are
involved in conducting business. To replace them with professional

managers without any links to businesses.

6. To ensure direct supplies of natural gas (without go-betweens) from
Russia, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
Direct gas-supply and gas-transit contracts must be resumed with Russia,
Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, including those ratified by VR. Efforts to
incorporate Ukraine in EU single energy system must be stepped up.

Due to the threats of losing its pipe-line system and against the backdrop
of increasing corruption and growing shadow economy, Ukraine must

revoke all contracts with RosUkrEnergo and affiliated companies in all
fuel/energy sectors.

7. Substantially raise salaries and pensions.

In the wake of recent price hikes for essential goods and food, lowering
living standards of the majority of Ukrainians, to ensure growing incomes
of working population and pensioners alongside measures enhancing
competitiveness of the national economy.

In this context, to urgently revise the 2007 budget with the aim of raising
the subsistence level and minimum salary as of 01.01.2007.

8. To resolve the utility tariffs crisis.

To declare the Yanukovych government responsible for the utility tariffs
crisis and recognize the government’s track record in pricing the utility
services as unsatisfactory.

To adopt the law “On housing and utility services” (#3069) and revise the
existing tariffs based on this law. The government must report to VR on
April 3 on rectifying the consequences of the utility tariffs crisis.

Natural gas extracted in Ukraine must be sold only to the residents of
Ukraine at minimum profitability prices.

9. To uproot corrupt schemes in the economy.

Urgent measures must be taken to do away with newly formed shadow
schemes in the economy. The law approving the pattern of VAT rebates
and excluding hands-on management must be passed.

Corrupt licensing of grain sales must be stopped. Mandatory auctions for

the purchase and lease of non-arable land, state and communal property
must be introduced.

10. To stop government pressure on business.

Normal conditions must be created for the registration and conduct of
business in Ukraine. The law on the single social payment and on the lower
tax on the wage fund must be passed.

The practice of ruining competitive environment and creating tax breaks for
businesses with links to the government must be stopped.

11. To stop unlawful seizures of property.

Unlawful seizures of businesses have started under the Yanukovych government
umbrella. It allows the authorities and docile corrupt judges to seize
private and state-owned property, land, assets and divide them among the
accomplices. We demand a fast-track approval of the law to prevent such
seizures.

12. To stop the destruction of statehood and system of power in Ukraine.

To drop the bills aimed at ruining the system of power, foreign and domestic
policy, defense and state security and eroding presidential powers.

Specifically, to drop the bill #3207 on changing the constitution which
cancels the system of local state administrations; on the president of
Ukraine; on the National Defense and Security Council; on domestic and
foreign policy priorities; on the Constitutional Court.

Based on paragraph 15, art. 106 of the Constitution, to ensure the
enforcement of all presidential decrees suspending regulations of the
Cabinet of Ministers, including those related to personnel appointments.

13. To remove all obstacles for holding local referendums.

Due to the impossibility to effectively fight corruption in the regions, to
impose a new system of local governance based on referendums on early
local elections of city mayors and councils implicated in illegal dealings with
the sale of land and communal property (bill #1154).

14. To impose criminal liability of judges for illegal court rulings.

The law curbing corruption and abuse of justice in the courts of all levels
and creating a system of accountability of judges must be passed urgently.

To reach a fair balance, the Supreme Council of Justice must include three
representatives of the parliamentary opposition. Judges who have smeared
their names and the prestige of judiciary by passing unlawful verdicts must
be sacked.

15. To stop the Central Election Commission from becoming a manipulated

and corrupt body.
The representative balance of political parties in CEC must be restored. Two
nominees for CEC by Pres. Yushchenko must be urgently approved by VR.

16. To pass the law “On the parliamentary opposition”

Control of the executive and accountability of officials for violating the
Constitution and laws, as well as for abuse of office must be legalized by
approving the law on the opposition #2885.

17.  To implement an urgent and comprehensive program to deal with the
catastrophic situation of Ukrainian farmers and agriculture  To urgently
pass laws ensuring full-fledged functioning of the land market as of  Jan.1,
2008, reinstate land ownership for farmers, stop uncontrollable theft of
land.

We are fully aware of our joint responsibility for the fate of Ukraine and
its people. We are gravely concerned over threats to strategic course of
Ukraine posed by the activities of the government and parliamentary
majority.

That is why we strongly urge the president not to sign any laws promoting
corruption and lobbyism passed by the majority.

For the sake of Ukraine, for the sake of our people we are ready for
determined actions.”                                 -30-
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Link: http://www.expres.ua/articles/2007/03/13/15263/ 

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NOTE: This article was translated from Ukrainian to English solely
for the Action Ukraine Report (AUR) by Volodymyr Hrytsutenko,
Lviv, Ukraine.  The translated article can be used but only with
permission from the Action Ukraine Report (AUR), Washington.
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[return to index] [Action Ukraine Report (AUR) Monitoring Service]
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2.      U.S. COMMITS $14 MILLION TO U.S.-UKRAINE
           NUCLEAR FUEL QUALIFICATION PROJECT

U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Public Affairs
Washington, D.C., Thursday, March 15, 2007

KYIV, Ukraine – U.S. Department of Energy Deputy Secretary Clay Sell
today announced that the United States will invest $14 million to provide 42
nuclear fuel assemblies to the South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant under the
U.S.-Ukraine Nuclear Fuel Qualification Project (UNFQP).

In an agreement reached last week, Westinghouse Electric Company will
manufacture nuclear fuel assemblies, which account for one-fourth of the
fuel that powers a reactor for up to four years of operation.

Deputy Secretary Sell is in Kyiv today to meet with top Ukrainian officials
and U.S. business leaders to promote diversity of energy sources, greater
energy efficiency, and adherence to open and transparent market principles.

“The United States and Ukraine are advancing energy security through
cooperation in projects like the U.S. – Ukraine Nuclear Fuel Qualification
Project that encourage the diversity of energy supplies and suppliers,”
Deputy Secretary Sell said.

“To ensure a path of economic growth, we must promote policies that
encourage open and transparent market principles, increase energy
efficiency, and further cooperation in nuclear non-proliferation.”

Ukraine has committed to procure approximately $42 million of low enriched
uranium, which will be used to manufacture the fuel assemblies and fund
technical services, for the UNFQP project.

The Westinghouse Electric Company fuel assemblies will be demonstrated to
qualify as an alternate nuclear fuel source in Ukraine.

The U.S. government has invested $52 million since 2000 to manufacture fuel
assemblies and implement training programs to advance UNFQP.

The UNFQP is part of DOE’s International Nuclear Safety Program, managed
by DOE’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, which, for over a decade,
has
provided technical assistance and technology transfer to former Soviet Union
countries to improve the safety of their reactors.

While in Kyiv, Deputy Secretary Sell met with the Ukrainian Deputy Prime
Minister for Fuel and Energy Adriv Kluyev, Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to
the Prime Minister Konstantine Hryshchenko, and National Security Defense
Council Secretary Vitaliy Haiduk.

During these meetings, Deputy Secretary Sell discussed the importance of
promoting sound energy policies that encourage domestic and foreign
investment and building on open and transparent market principles.

They also discussed making more efficient use of current resources by
improving energy efficient technologies and practices. Deputy Secretary Sell
highlighted the U.S. – Ukraine partnership in the global war on terror and
the countries’ cooperation in nuclear non-proliferation efforts.

Deputy Secretary Sell also met with U.S. industry representatives where he
discussed opportunities for investment and use of new and emerging
technology in Ukraine’s energy sector.

Deputy Secretary Sell arrived in Ukraine after visiting Russia where he
participated in the U.S. Russia Energy Working Group, met with senior
Russian officials, and delivered remarks at the Carnegie Moscow Center.
Deputy Secretary Sell will travel on Friday to Georgia where he is
expected to meet with senior Georgian officials.          -30-
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U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Public Affairs, Washington, D.C.
News Media Contact(s): Craig Stevens, (202) 586-4940
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LINK: http://www.energy.gov/news/4878.htm
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[return to index] [Action Ukraine Report (AUR) Monitoring Service]
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3.                       NUCLEAR POWER IN UKRAINE
             Ukraine is heavily dependent on nuclear energy – it has 15
                      reactors generating half of its electricity.
Ukraine receives most of its nuclear services and nuclear fuel from Russia.

World Nuclear Association, London, United Kingdom, February 2007

In 2004 Ukraine commissioned two large new reactors. The government
plans to build up to eleven new reactors by 2030.

A large share of primary energy supply in Ukraine comes from the country’s
uranium and substantial coal resources. The remainder is oil and gas, mostly
imported from Russia.

In 1991, due to breakdown of the Soviet Union, the country’s economy
collapsed and its electricity consumption declined dramatically from 296
billion kWh in 1990 to 170 in 2000, all the decrease being from coal and gas
plants. Total electricity production in 2004 amounted to 181 TWh, and total
capacity in 2004 was 52.7 GWe.
                     NUCLEAR INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT
Nuclear energy development started in 1970 with construction of the
Chernobyl power plant, the first unit being commissioned in 1977.

The nuclear industry remained relatively stable during the many changes that
occurred when the country became independent of the former Soviet Union.

In fact, during that period and since, there have been continuing
improvements in the operational safety and output levels of Ukraine’s
nuclear reactors.

Ukraine’s 15 nuclear power units at four nuclear power plants are operated
by Energoatom, the country’s nuclear power utility. The country’s nuclear
production increased to 87 billion kWh in 2004, which accounted for 48%
of total domestic electricity production.

The capacity increased from 11 268 MWe net in 2003 to 13 168 in 2005 which
was 26.3% of the country’s total installed capacity. This increase was due
to addition of two new VVER-1000 reactors.

All are Russian VVER types, two being 440 MWe V-312 models and the
rest the larger 1000 MWe units – two early models and the rest V-320s.

Power reactors have operated in Ukraine since 1977, and over 300 reactor
years of operating experience have been accumulated. Load factors have
increased steadily and reached 81.4% in 2004.

At the end of 1995 Zaporozhe unit 6 was connected to the grid making
Zaporozhe the largest nuclear power station in Europe, with a net capacity
of 5718 MWe. (The second largest station operating is Gravelines, near
Dunkerque in France, with a net capacity of 5460 MWe.)

In August and October 2004 Khmelnitsky-2 and Rovno-4 respectively were
connected to the grid, bringing their long and interrupted construction to
an end and adding 1900 MWe to replace that lost by closure of Chernobyl
1 & 3 in 1996 and 2003 respectively.

They were completed by Energoatom using a consortium of Framatome ANP
and Atomstroyexport. At the same time it was announced that Khmelnitski 3
would proceed.
               CHERNOBYL NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
Ukraine’s best-known nuclear power plant was Chernobyl (Chornobyl in
Ukrainian). This had the only RBMK type reactors in the country.

Unit 4 was destroyed in the 1986 accident, unit 2 was shut down after a
turbine hall fire in 1991, unit 1 was closed in 1997 and unit 3 closed at
the end of 2000 due to international pressure.

A nuclear power strategy involving building and commissioning 11 new
reactors to double nuclear capacity by 2030 is under consideration to
enhance Ukraine’s energy independence. It is expected that an international
tender will open up the choice of technology.

Interruptions in natural gas supply from Russia in January 2006 sharply
focused attention on the need for greater energy security and the role of
nuclear power in achieving this.

Late in 2006 the government decided to set up a new national nuclear
industry entity to be known as Ukratomprom. This will be a
vertically-integrated nuclear corporation reporting to Energy Ministry and
cabinet. It will initiate construction of an enrichment plant and fuel
fabrication.

Ukratoprom will consist of six state-owned enterprises including Energoatom,
the VostGOK uranium mining company, and the Novokonstantinov uranium
development company.

Three major projects will be launched in 2007:
[1] a $1875 million uranium production venture including refurbishment
of VostGOK’s hydrometallurgical plant and construction of a uranium
mill at Novokonstantinov,
[2] the US$ 1 billion NFEF enrichment plant to be completed by 2014, and
[3] a $200 million components development.

In connection with the South Ukraine plant, the first two 150 MWe units of
the Tashlyk hydro plant are under construction to give pumped storage peak
capacity.

Reactor life is designated as 30 years. Plans are underway to extend reactor
lives to further 10-15 years, subject to safety and economic considerations.
Plans for 15-year life extensions for Rovno 1 & 2 are expected to be
submitted 2007-08.
                                      THE K2-R4 SAGA
Both the government and Energoatom were determined to bring two new
reactors – Khmelnitski-2 and Rovno-4 (K2-R4) into operation as soon as
possible. Both reactors were 80% complete when a halt was imposed in 1990.

In 1995 a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the
Governments of the G7 countries, the EC and the Ukrainian government
which required closure of the operating Chernobyl reactors. Thus, Chernobyl
reactors were shut down – the last in December 2000.

The Memorandum stipulated the agreement on international financial aid to
Ukraine to support Chernobyl decommissioning, power sector restructuring,
completion of K2-R4 nuclear reactors, thermal and hydro plant
rehabilitation, construction of a pumped storage plant, and to support
energy efficiency projects in accordance with Ukraine’s energy sector
strategy.

In 2000 the European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD)
approved (by an 89% vote apart from abstentions) a US$ 215 million loan
towards completion of K2-R4.

This EBRD funding, though a modest part of the US$ 1480 million estimated
to be required, was a key factor in plans for their completion to western
safety standards.

Conditions on the loan included safety enhancement of all 13 Ukraine nuclear
power reactors, independence for the country’s nuclear regulator, and
electricity market reform.

Following approval of the EBRD loan, the European Commission (EC)
approved a US$ 585 million loan to Energoatom. The EC said that approval
of this Euratom funding “a few days before the permanent closure of
Chernobyl gives a clear sign of the Commission’s commitment to nuclear
safety … as well as to the deepening of [EU] relations with Ukraine.”

It “will finance the completion, modernisation and commissioning of two
third-generation nuclear units”. The EC pointed out that it and the EBRD had
concluded that the project met all safety, environmental, economic and
financial criteria.

Russia earlier provided US$ 225 million credit for K2/R4 equipment and fuel,
then in 2002 a Russian loan of US$ 44 million for completion of the units
was approved.

The arrangement covered goods and services from Russia. It followed signing
of a US$ 144 million agreement in June, including about US$ 100 million of
fuel.

However the promised loans of US$ 215 million and the Euratom’s US$ 585
million were deferred late in 2001 because the government had baulked at
doubling the wholesale price of power to USD 2.5 cent/kWh as required by
EBRD. Ukraine also rejected almost all approved Russian loans.

The Ukrainian government then approved estimates for the completion, site
works and upgrades for the K2 – R4 nuclear power reactors, at US$ 621
million and US$ 642 million respectively. With local finance and a bond
issue, Energoatom proceeded with work on both units.

In July 2004, prior to start-up of the two units, the EBRD finally approved
a scaled-down loan of US$ 42 million. This sum was matched by US$ 83 million
from Euratom, approved by the EC. The project finances the post-start-up
component of a safety and modernisation program developed for K2 and R4.

The loan was approved on condition that revised tariffs are implemented in
order to fund upgrading of all 13 operating power reactors in Ukraine to
K2-R4 standards, that a decommissioning fund is set up and “an
internationally agreed level of nuclear liability insurance” is reached.

A program on modernisation and safety improvement of K2-R4 was
established taking into account IAEA’s recommendations. It consists of 147
“pre-commissioning”, “post-commissioning” and “before and after
commissioning” measures.

In 2003-2004, Framatome ANP, an independent expert of the EBRD, together
with the local Riskaudit Company, reviewed the implementation status and
sufficiency of the program. They assessed positively the result of this
program’s implementation.

In August 2004 the Ukrainian President said that Western governments had
failed to honour their 1995 undertakings to assist his country in exchange
for closing the Chernobyl plant, particularly in relation to the
Khmelnitsky-2 and Rovno-4 completion, grid infrastructure and a pumped
storage hydro plant.
                                       FUEL CYCLE
Ukraine has modest recoverable resources of uranium, and produces up to
800 tonnes of uranium per year – around 30% of the country’s requirements.

The uranium ore mining and uranium concentrate production in Ukraine is
performed by the Vostochny Uranium Ore Mining and Processing Enterprise
(VostGOK).

Late in 2006 Russia’s new Uranium Mining Company (UGRK or UMC)
announced the possibility of a joint venture to develop the
Novokonstantinovsk uranium deposit to produce up to 2500 t/yr by 2020.

In December 2006 Australian-based Uran Ltd agreed with Ukraine’s Department
of Fuel & Energy and VostGOK to carry out a feasibility study for ISL mining
of the Surskoye and Gurevskoye uranium deposits in the east of the country,
near VostGOK’s existing operations.
           UKRAINE ALSO HAS ZIRCONIUM RESOURCES
Ukrainian uranium concentrate and zirconium alloy are sent to Russia for
fuel fabrication. The nuclear fuel produced from these Ukrainian components
then return to Ukrainian NPPs.

All fuel is imported from TVEL in Russia. The country depends primarily on
Russia to provide other nuclear fuel cycle services also.

In order to diversify nuclear fuel supplies, Energoatom started
implementation of the Ukraine Nuclear Fuel Qualification Project (UNFQP).
The Project assumes the use of US-manufactured fuel in the VVER-1000
following the selection of Westinghouse as a vendor on a tender basis.

South Ukraine NPP’s third unit will be the country’s first to use the six
lead test assemblies supplied by Westinghouse, which will be placed into the
reactor core together with Russian fuel for a period of pilot operation.

After this is completed, a reload batch of 42 fuel assemblies will be
provided by Westinghouse for a three-year period of commercial operation at
the unit with regular monitoring and reporting.

In addition to the initial supply of fuel from Westinghouse, other aims of
the project include the transfer of technology for the design of nuclear
fuel. An attempt was made in the 1990s to set up a complete suite of fuel
cycle facilities other than enrichment, but this failed for political and
financial reasons.

The December 2006 decision to form Ukratomprom has revived intentions
to build a fuel fabrication plant as well as an enrichment plant.

Ukraine has been seeking cooperation with other countries which have
experience in this area as a part of its effort to increase its supply of
low-cost nuclear electricity and to reduce its imports of natural gas and
other energy sources from Russia.

In December 2005 Ukraine and the EU signed an energy cooperation agreement
which links the country more strongly to western Europe in respect to both
nuclear energy and electricity supply.
                    RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT
There is no intention to close the fuel cycle in Ukraine.

Spent fuel is mostly stored on site though some VVER-440 fuel is again being
sent to Russia for reprocessing, at US$ 418/kg (the arrangement was
suspended 1992-6).

At Zaporozhe a long-term dry storage facility for spent fuel has operated
since 2001, but other VVER-1000 spent fuel is sent to Russia for storage. A
further US$ 400 million storage facility is envisaged.

Also, a centralised dry storage facility for spent fuel has been proposed
for construction in the new energy strategy which is currently under
consideration by the government.

RBMK spent fuel from decommissioned reactors at Chernobyl is stored,
and a new dry storage facility is under construction there.

From 2011, high-level wastes from reprocessing Ukrainian fuel will be
returned from Russia to Ukraine.

Preliminary investigations have shortlisted sites for a deep geological
repository for high- and intermediate-level wastes including all those
arising from Chernobyl decommissioning and clean-up.
                                 DECOMMISSIONING
Four Chernobyl RBMK-1000 reactors, plus two almost-completed ones, are
being decommissioned. Unit 4, which was destroyed in the 1986 accident, is
enclosed in a large shelter and plans are well advanced to build a new, more
durable containment structure.

This project will be funded by the International Chernobyl Shelter Fund
facilitated by the EBRD. The cost of building the arch-shaped confinement
shelter is estimated at more than US$ 1 billion.

The start of the first evaluation phase – the technical phase – of bids to
build the shelter was announced in November 2004, and the financial
evaluation phase is to follow. The awarding of the construction contract is
scheduled for autumn 2005 and project completion for 2008-2009.

In May 2005, international donors made new pledges worth approximately
US$ 200 million towards the new confinement shelter.

The largest contribution, worth more than US$ 185 million, came from the G8
and the EU. Russia contributed to the fund for the first time and other fund
members, which include the US, increased their contributions, with the
Ukrainian government pledging the equivalent of US$ 22 million.

In a separate statement, the European Commission said it had contributed
another EUR 49 million to the fund. The EC has committed EUR 239.5 million
since 1997, making it the main donor.

The new pledges follow the more than EUR 600 million in cash contributions
already pledged to the fund by a total of 28 donor governments.

Units 1-3 are undergoing decommissioning conventionally – the first RBMK
units to do so, and work will accelerate when the new dry storage facility
is built.
                                    ORGANISATION
In 1996 the former nuclear operating entity Goskomatom spawned a new
corporate nuclear utility, Energoatom. Then Goskomatom was replaced by
two Departments within the Fuel & Energy Ministry:
[1] a Department for Nuclear Energy, responsible for civil nuclear
power plants operation, and a
[2] Department for Atomic Industry, responsible for the development
of nuclear fuel cycle.

Energoatom’s current priorities are to increase safety, bring load factors
up to 83-85%, and extend the working lives of the reactors by 10-15 years
(at about US$ 150 million per VVER-1000 reactor).

The regulator is the State Nuclear Regulatory Administration of Ukraine
(SNRA), under the Ministry for Environment Protection & Nuclear Safety.

The 1995 law on Nuclear Energy Use and Radiation Safety establishes the
legal basis of the industry and included a provision for the operating plant
to have full legal responsibility for the consequences of any accident.

The 1995 law on Radioactive Waste Management complements this, and the
consequent state program was approved in 2002.

The Ukrainian Chernobyl Affairs Ministry was responsible for the licensing
of nuclear waste storage facilities but this role was taken over by the
country’s Nuclear Regulatory Committee (SNRCU) in 2000.
                               NON-PROLIFERATION
After the break-up of the Soviet Union, Ukraine negotiated to repatriate
nuclear warheads and missiles to Russia in return for nuclear fuel supplies.

Ukraine then joined the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) as a
non-nuclear weapons state. Its safeguards agreement under the NPT came
into force in 1994, and in 2000 it signed the Additional Protocol in
relation to this.                                     -30-
—————————————————————————————–
Sources: IAEA 2002, Country Nuclear Power Profiles
Perera, Judith 2003, Nuclear Power in the Former USSR, McCloskey,
UK. Ukrainian Ministry of Fuel & Energy web site. Nuclear Ru,
Nucleonics Week, NucNet. NuclearFuel 29/1/07.
———————————————————————————————
LINK: with charts http://www.world-nuclear.org/about/contact.html

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4. ADM COMPLETES ACQUISITION OF UKRAINIAN SUNSEED
                 CRUSHING FACILITY IMEZ FROM RISOIL

By Nicci Pugh, Food Business Review Online
London, United Kingdom, Friday, 16th March 2007

Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) has completed the acquisition of
all outstanding shares in Ilitchevskiy Maslo Extractionniy Zavod joint stock
company (IMEZ) from Risoil.

IMEZ operates a sunseed crushing facility close to the port of Odessa in the
Ukraine. Illinois-based ADM and Risoil became 50/50 shareholders in IMEZ
in 2004.

“The IMEZ facility at Illitchevsk complements our global asset base in an
important origination location,” said Mark Zenuk, ADM vice president and
managing director-Europe and Asia.

“We look forward to working with Ukrainian farmers to help meet the
changing needs of our food customers due to evolving global demands.”

According to ADM, Ukraine is the second largest producer of sunseed in
the world after the Russian Federation with harvests of approximately five
million metric tons per year.

ADM is one of the world’s largest processors of soybeans, corn, wheat and
cocoa, and is a leading manufacturer of biodiesel, ethanol, soybean oil and
meal, corn sweeteners, flour and other value-added food and feed
ingredients.

ADM has over 26,000 employees, more than 240 processing plants and net
sales for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2006 of $37 billion.   -30-
———————————————————————————————–
http://www.food-business-review.com/article_news.asp?guid=019D6BE8-0A98-4E74-9216-94795F27108E
——————————————————————————————————–

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5.  UKRAINE JOINS GLOBAL INITIATIVE TO COMBAT
                                  NUCLEAR TERRORISM

Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State
Washington, DC, Friday, March 16, 2007

WASHINGTON – The Government of Ukraine has announced its
intention to become a partner nation of the 14-member Global Initiative
to Combat Nuclear Terrorism (Global Initiative).

At the February 12-13, 2007 meeting of the Global Initiative in Ankara,
Turkey, partner nations emphasized the importance of broadening the
initiative to include nations committed to combating nuclear terrorism, who
endorse the Statement of Principles, and are willing to contribute to the
activities of the Initiative.

Ukraine is the first such nation to state its commitment to the goals of the
Global Initiative and its intention to participate in its activities. All
current and future partner nations are encouraged to include new partner
nations in their activities, upon receipt of their written endorsement of
the Statement of Principles by the U.S. and/or Russia.

Ukraine and all other current and future partner nations will meet again in
Kazakhstan in June 2007 to review the progress of Global Initiative
activities, to take specific steps to address gaps in implementation, and to
welcome new partner nations whose endorsements have been received by
the U.S. and/or Russia prior to the meeting.
——————————————————————————————-
For more information about the Global Initiative to Combat Nuclear
Terrorism, please click the link http://www.state.gov/t/isn/c18406.htm
——————————————————————————————-
LINK: http://www.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2007/mar/81846.htm
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6.     U.S. SENATE APPROVES ADDING FIVE COUNTRIES TO
                             NATO INCLUDING UKRAINE

Associated Press, Washington, D.C., Friday, March 9, 2007

WASHINGTON – The U.S. Senate has approved legislation to endorse

the enlargement of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to include the
admission of Albania, Croatia, Georgia, Macedonia, and Ukraine.

The measure was approved Thursday night by voice vote. A similar bill was
approved by the House of Representatives on March 6.

Sen. Richard Lugar, R-Ind., the ranking Republican member on the Senate
Foreign Relations Committee, said eventual membership for the five countries
” would be a success for Europe, NATO, and the United States by continuing
to extend the zone of peace and security.”

He said Albania, Croatia, and Macedonia have been making progress on reforms
through their participation in the NATO Membership Action Plan since 2002.

“Unfortunately, Georgia and Ukraine have not yet been granted a Membership
Action Plan but nevertheless have made remarkable progress,” Lugar added.

“This legislation will provide important incentives and assistance to the
countries to continue the implementation of democratic, defense, and
economic reforms.”                          -30-
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7.                    PLAYING THE UKRAINIAN CARD
                   Timoshenko should be writing a thank-you note to
                             Putin for the success of her U.S. visit.

COMMENTARY: By Nina L. Khrushcheva
International Herald Tribune, Paris, France, Thursday, March 15, 2007

NEW YORK: As Russia appears to turn its back on reform and the West,
the United States has begun to look for ways to curb the Kremlin’s new
assertiveness in what Moscow calls the “near abroad.”

A recent visit to Washington by Yulia Timoshenko, the former Ukrainian
prime minister, appears to have given the Bush administration hope that the
United States has found a leader among Russia’s immediate neighbors with
the will to stand up to Vladimir Putin’s increasingly receding democracy.

Until recently, the United States had relied upon the Ukrainian president,
Viktor Yushchenko, to protect Ukraine’s independence.

But a series of disastrous decisions by Yushchenko over the last year – the
key one being his choice to name as prime minister Viktor Yanukovich, the
man he defeated in the Orange Revolution, rather than Timoshenko – has
sapped U.S. support from him.

In Washington, Yushchenko is now seen as spineless and directionless, not
the sort of traits that give confidence, particularly if you are supposed to
be someone protecting the interests of the West against Putin.

For Timoshenko, her U.S. trip was bound to be tricky. Foreign travel is
never easy for the leader of any political opposition. Your hosts often seek
to keep you at arm’s length. When they embrace you, it is usually to send a
signal to your opponent back home, not because they find in you something
intrinsically valuable.

This certainly seems to be the case with Timoshenko, who up to now has not
been an American favorite because she is perceived as a social democrat, not
an economic liberalizer.

But this time around, after meetings with Vice President Dick Cheney and
Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice, Timoshenko left Washington with clear
American support for her vision of Ukraine’s future and its role in European
political and energy security. It is she and not Yushchenko who now appears
as the country’s leading emissary to the West.
Today in Opinion

Timoshenko should be writing a thank-you note to Putin for the success of
her visit. The Russian president’s tough- minded speech on America’s role in
the world in Munich last month, and the threats senior Russian generals have
been making against Poland and the Czech Republic because of their
willingness to provide sites for U.S. antiballistic missiles, has tipped the
American debate about Putin definitively toward the negative.

President George W. Bush’s hopes that Putin could be a strategic partner in
helping to settle disputes the length and breadth of Eurasia now seem less
obvious.

Suddenly, the choice for Bush and his team seems stark: Either face the
prospect of some kind of Soviet reunion, or make a determined effort to
block the Kremlin. None of this should be surprising, given Putin’s repeated
use of Russia’s energy clout against its neighbors, but it is depressing. So
depressing to some Westerners that they fret that standing up to the Kremlin
will only make Russia more aggressive.

Timoshenko’s trip to Washington appears to mark the beginning of an
American attempt to forge a new Euro-Atlantic strategy in a vitally
important region that lies at the crossroads of Europe, Eurasia, and the
Middle East.

Indeed, the Black Sea region, of which Ukraine is the heart, is the
Euro-Atlantic community’s eastern frontier with the wider Middle East.
Anchoring democracy and security in these borderlands has become an
imperative for both the United States and the European Union.

America and Europe share Timoshenko’s determination to secure Ukraine’s
independence, particularly as they seek to diversify energy supplies away
from Russia. The Black Sea is poised to become a key conduit for
non-Russian, as well as non-OPEC, non-Gulf oil and natural gas flowing
into European markets and beyond. The Black Sea region’s stability and
integration with the West is thus critically important to the long-term
energy security strategy of EU and NATO members.

Anchoring these countries to the West will not be easy. Whether the end
result is better relations or full integration into the European Union and
NATO is an open question. But both organizations need to reach out to
these countries, a process that should be seen as the next phase in
completing the wider Europe.

But playing the Ukrainian card alone will not secure the West’s interests in
the lands that were once part of or bordering on the Soviet empire. Energy
and political security will only come with a policy that engages the
Kremlin, and which spells out the costs of its imperial ambitions as well as
the benefits of turning Russia, at long last, into a normal country. -30-
———————————————————————————————–
Nina Khrusheheva teaches international affairs at the New School in
New York.
———————————————————————————————-
LINK: http://www.iht.com/articles/2007/03/15/opinion/edkrush.php
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8.     UKRAINIAN PRESIDENT, DENMARK SPEAKER DISCUSS
                               DEEPENING OF COOPERATION 

Liudmyla Martynova, Ukrainian News Agency
Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, March 16, 2007

KYIV – Ukrainian President Viktor Yuschenko discussed a deepening of
bilateral cooperation with Danish Parliament Speaker Christian Mejdahl. The
Ukrainian presidential press service reported this, referring to the meeting
in Copenhagen.

The parties discussed Ukraine – Denmark relations, noting prospects for
their great deepening. Representatives of the Ukrainian side pointed out the
importance of Danish support for Ukraine’s European perspectives.

     ACT OF GENOCIDE OF THE UKRAINIAN PEOPLE
Ukraine also hopes for Danish support to the draft resolution of the UN
General Assembly recognizing the Great Famine of 1932 – 1933 as an act of
genocide of the Ukrainian people, which is being prepared for consideration
at the 63rd session of the General Assembly in 2008.

Apart from this, Ukraine hopes for the support of Denmark in holding the
finals of the Euro 2012 football championship in Poland and Ukraine. The
parties also discussed the development of interparliamentary cooperation.

Ukraine was represented at the talks by Oleksandr Chalyi, deputy head of the
presidential secretariat; Volodymyr Khandohii, deputy minister of foreign
affairs; Anatolii Kinakh, chairman of the Ukrainian League of Industrialists
and Entrepreneurs; and Ambassador to Denmark Natalia Zarudna.  As

Ukrainian News reported, on Thursday morning Yuschenko left on an official
visit to Denmark until March 16.                          -30-
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9. PRESIDENT YUSHCHENKO SETS UP COORDINATION COUNCIL
           FOR PREPARING EVENTS ON 75TH ANNIVERSARY OF
                              HOLODOMOR OF 1932-1933

Ukrainian News Agency, Kyiv, Ukraine, Thursday, March 15, 2007

KYIV – Ukrainian President Viktor Yuschenko has set up a coordination
council for preparing events related to the 75th anniversary of the
Holodomor of 1932-1933 in Ukraine. This reads the decree No. 207/2007
of March 14, text of which has become available to Ukrainian News.

According to the decree, the coordination council’s basic tasks are
developing propositions on providing coordination of the events, held by
state power agencies, scientific and public institutions, for honoring
legacy of the famines’ victims in Ukraine and in connection with the 75th
anniversary of the Holodomor of 1932-1933.

The President heads the coordination council. As Ukrainian News earlier
reported, the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933, also known as Holodomor,
took from 3 million to 7 million lives according to various estimates.

———————————————————————————————–
FOOTNOTE:  Members of the Ukrainian President’s Holodomor
Coordination Council appointed from outside Ukraine include: Askold
Lozynski, President, Ukrainian World Congress (UWC), USA; Morgan
Williams, Director, Government Affairs, SigmaBlezyer and Holodomor
Researcher, USA; Stefan Romaniw, Australia, Head of the Union of
Ukrainian Organizations in Australia and Head of UWC International
Coordinating Committee for Holodomor Mykhailo Sawkiw, President,
Ukrainian Congress Committee of America (UCCA), USA; Yevhen
Cholij, deputy chair, Ukrainian World Congress, Canada; and Orysia
Sushko, head of Canada’s Congress of Ukrainians, Canada. 
———————————————————————————————–
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10. UKRAINIAN PRESIDENTIAL HOLODOMOR COORDINATING
         COUNCIL ON PREPARING EVENTS RELATING TO 75TH
     ANNIVERSARY OF THE HOLODOMOR 1932-1933 IN UKRAINE
      First sitting, March 19, Kyiv, Ukraine, Ukrainian House, 15:00-18:00
 
Action Ukraine Report (AUR) #825, Article 10
Kyiv, Ukraine, Monday, March 19, 2007
PARTICIPANTS: President of Ukraine, representatives of the
Parliament, government, Presidential secretariat, executive bodies, members
of the organizational committee, representatives of public organizations,
scientists, representatives of Ukrainian diaspora
SUBJECTS FOR DISCUSSION:
1. The draft of the presidential decree “On Commemorating the 75th
anniversary of Holodomor in 1932-33 in Ukraine” to serve as a base for
The Plan of Commemorating events for 2007-2008 which will be approved
by the Organizational committee.
2. Plans of Ukrainian and world public organizations concerning
commemorating victims of genocide of the Ukrainian people.
AGENDA:
1. Speech of the President (15 minutes)
2. Speeches (5-7 minutes)
a. Ihor Yukhnovsky – Head of the Institute of National Memory –
“INM objectives concerning commemorating events and arrangement
of  archives.”
b. Mykola Zhulynsky – Head of the National council on culture and
spirituality under the president of Ukraine
“Concerning building the memorial to the Holodomor victims in Kyiv.”
c. Volodymyr Ohryzko – Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs –
” Concerning international activities to commemorate the Holodomor
victims and ensure  recognition of the famine as genocide by foreign states.”
d. Yuri Bohutsky – Minister of Culture and Tourism –
“Concerning cultural events to commemorate the Holodomor victims.”
 e. Stanislav Nikolayenko – Minister of Education –
“Concerning educational events to commemorate the Holodomor victims.
Holodomor educational projects for children and young people.”
f. Stefan Romaniw – Chair of international Holodomor coordinating
committee of the Ukrainian World Congress (UWC) to commemorate the
75th anniversary of the Holodomor.
 “Concerning events under International committee to commemorate the
Holodomor victims.”
g. Vasyl Vovkun – Art director of The State Concert Company of Ukraine –
“Concerning organization of exhibitions and requiem tours in the regions
of Ukraine and world capitals.”
h. Oleksiy Kopytko – Coordinator of the “Yesterday” project under
Ukraina 3000 charity foundation-
“Concerning plans of the foundation to publish books and evidence
commemorating the Holodomor victims.”
i. Oleksandr Feldman – People’s deputy –
“Concerning discussion on Holodomor in Israeli parliament.”
 j. Valeriy Smolij – Director of the Institute of Ukrainian History at the
National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine –
“Concerning input of scientists to commemorate the 75th anniversary
of the Holodomor in 1932-1933.”
DISCUSSION
INTERNATIONAL ATTENDEES INCLUDE:
Stefan Romaniw (Australia)
Morgan Williams (USA)
Michael Sawkiw (USA)
Bohdan Futey (USA)
Orysia Sushko (Canada)
Victor Pedenko (Canada)
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11.  WHY UKRAINE INSISTS ON THE FACT OF GENOCIDE

New Europe, Athens, Greece, Wednesday, March 7, 2007

The Ukrainian Diaspora started the elucidation of Holodomor when this
topic was still forbidden by the Soviet regime. At present, the issue of
recognition of Holodomor as genocide was raised at the European
Parliament.

The MEPs Konrad Szymanski, Marec Siwiec and Charles Tannock initiated
signing a Written Declaration 4/2007 on the international recognition of
Holodomor – the great famine in Ukraine (1932-33) as genocide.

The Mission of Ukraine to the EU organises the exhibition on Holodomor in
the European Parliament. The exhibition, which will take place since March
26 till March 30, will demonstrate the documentary photographs and
documents concerning the famine, its consequences, and the methods of
the Soviet regime.

Ukraine, attracting public attention to Holodomor, urged the European
Parliament as well as the international community in general to support the
longing of Ukrainians and their friends for uncovering the truth.

“We believe that the facts of mass annihilation, performed by totalitarian
regimes in the past, must be condemned by the international community in
order to prevent such crimes at present or in the future,” the Mission of
Ukraine to the EU said in a statement, released to New Europe on February
27.

In 1932-1933 an unprecedented famine struck Ukraine – a country, which
was previously known as the “Breadbasket of Europe”.

Unlike in numerous cases of famines in European history, caused by natural
disasters, bad harvest, or consequences of wars, Ukrainian famine of
1932-1933 was an artificial measure, undertaken by the regime of Joseph
Stalin within the implementation of the Soviet project.

This policy implied practical elimination of national ideas and identities
that could have impeded the creation of the Soviet state on the vast
territories of many nations, which had been earlier seized by Russian empire
and failed to maintain their independence in the struggle with the
Bolsheviks – the virtual successors of tsarist imperialism.

Ukraine, which after long sanguinary battles for the statehood was captured
by Bolsheviks and joined the Soviet Union as Ukrainian Socialistic Soviet
Republic in 1922, still remained a country with strong national traditions
and European social model.

The national traditions of Ukrainian society and autonomist tendencies
demonstrated by the leadership of Soviet Ukraine could not have possibly
coexist with the Stalinist vision of the Soviet future.

Thus, Ukraine was condemned. In 1932 the Soviet dictator Josef Stalin
ordered his government to seize crops from Ukrainian peasants in a campaign
to collect money for industrialisation and militarisation of USSR. Soviet
officials, with the aid of regular troops and secret police units, waged a
merciless war against peasants.

Even indispensable seed grain was forcibly confiscated from households. Any
man, woman, or child caught taking even a handful of grain from a collective
farm was to be executed or deported. Those who did not appear to be starving
were often suspected of hoarding grain.                  -30-
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12.      UKRAINE’S DEFENSE MINISTRY GRITSENKO SAYS US
                     MISSILE DEFENSE TO BENEFIT SECURITY 

Itar-Tass, Moscow, Russia, Friday, March 16, 2007

KIEV – The US is ready to consider including one Russian and one Ukrainian
officer in the maintenance staff of missile defense facilities that it plans
to deploy in Poland and the Czech Republic, Ukrainian Defense Minister
Anatoly Gritsenko said, citing the March 14 consultations with US Missile
Defense Agency Director Henry Obering.

Besides, the “US is ready to allow the military of Ukraine and Russia to
familiarize themselves with characteristics of these facilities and carry
out verification”, Gritsenko said.

He said that the “US was ready to inform non-NATO countries about a
potential threat in case of ballistic missile launches against which the
missile defense is to be set up. “If a launch carries a threat to Ukraine,
Belarus or Russia, these countries will be immediately warned”, he said.

Gritsenko came to a conclusion after the consultations that the “radar and
launchers of this system in the Czech Republic and Poland could become an
important element of the pan-European security system”.

He added that “if the arguments that the American side made were timely
conveyed, including to Ukraine, the tension in the mass media would have
been lifted”.

Gritsenko said that the Ukrainian president, the prime minister and the
foreign minister would state the official stance on the US’s missile defense
in Europe. The Defense Ministry for its part considers this system as
defensive only, Gritsenko said.

He earlier told reporters that the US’ plans to deploy the missile defense
facilities in Poland and the Czech Republic “worry Ukraine”, as possible
interception of missiles at a certain height could result in the fall of
fragments on the Ukrainian territory.
He said that “nobody knows what can be among these fragments”.

“If it will not be a nuclear bomb, a nuclear warhead in the literal sense,
it can be a ‘dirty bomb’ with radioactive substances that will contaminate
our territory in addition to what Chernobyl gave us. This also can be some
virus, biological weapons,” he said.                       -30-

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13. HRYTSENKO CONSIDERS ANTI-MISSILE SYSTEM IN CZECH
 REPUBLIC AND POLAND STRENGTHENING EUROPEAN SECURITY 

Olha Volkovetska, Ukrainian News Agency
Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, March 16 , 2007

KYIV – Defense Minister Anatolii Hrytsenko considers that deployment of
anti-missile defense systems in the Czech Republic and Poland aims at
strengthening European security. He disclosed this to the press on Friday at
a press conference.

He said that it is his personal position, and Ukrainian position will be
declared by persons, who have to declare it, in particular, President Viktor
Yuschenko and Premier Viktor Yanukovych.

Hrytsenko also said that on March 15, the Finance Ministry representatives
held meeting with American experts and discussed anti-missile defense system
deployment issues.

“If ground on preliminary result, I can say that if the society had been
informed on time, it would have been possible to avoid the tension, which
appeared in mass media,” Hrytsenko said.

At the same time, he said that due to the constructive talk it became clear
that the systems in Poland and the Czech Republic would be directed to
security of European countries.

“Radar and anti-missile units are things, which are likely to become a part
of European anti-missile defense system,” the minister said. He also said
that if rocket launch from the American system is registered and threatens
Ukraine, Russia or Belarus, the countries would immediately get to know
that.

Hrytsenko also said that the United States is ready to allow Ukrainian
militaries to the facilities to give them more detailed information.

“The American side voiced its readiness to include Russian and Ukrainian
officers, if they want, into the group servicing the radar, which monitors
the missile situation,” added Hrytsenko.

As the U.S. Ambassador William Taylor told reporters on Friday, Hrytsenko
suggested Henry Obering, director of the Missile Defense Agency at the U.S.
Department of Defense, to give Ukrainian servicemen possibility to visit
anti-missile bases in the Czech Republic and Poland and Obering from his
side noted that this is a good idea.

“We shall develop this idea further with the Ukrainian, Russian, Polish and
Czech sides,” said Taylor. He also underlined that the corresponding actions
will be performed only after the Czech Republic and Poland agree the U.S.
proposition on deployment of the anti-missile bases on their territories and
after factual installation of the systems.

“And than, certainly after consent of the Polish and Czech side, which will
have a dominion for maintenance and control over these objects, Ukrainians,
Russians and representatives of other countries under their accord will have
a right to come, inspect and observe this,” said Taylor.

He also said that the American side has already handed over technical
documentation for these systems to the Ukrainian and the Russian
governments.

As Ukrainian News earlier reported, the United States had sent their
specialists to Ukraine for explaining the plans concerning construction of
anti-missile bases in the Czech Republic and Poland.

Henry Obering said that missile defenses in the Czech Republic and Poland
are being deployed for the matters of security in Europe and the United
States.                                                 -30-

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14.  REPRESENTATIVES OF UKRAINE AND RUSSIA ‘COULD
          ACCESS ANTI-MISSILE DEFENSE INSTALLATIONS’,
                         US AMBASSADOR TO KYIV SAYS

Interfax-Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, Friday, March 16, 2007

KYIV – Ukrainian and Russian military officers could be granted access to
U.S. anti-missile defense installations in Poland and the Czech Republic if
consent is given by Poland and the Czech Republic, U.S. Ambassador to
Ukraine William Taylor has said.

When the objects are installed, representatives of Ukraine, Russia, and
other countries will have the right to visit, to inspect and observe the
objects, with the consent of Poland and the Czech Republic, which will have
the sovereign right to service and control these installations, Taylor said
at a press conference in Kyiv on Friday.

Taylor said it would be possible to discuss access to the objects after
their installation and with the consent of Poland and the Czech Republic to
such a step. He said the United States had invited Russian specialists to
visit the installations.

He noted that similar installations of the anti-missile defense were located
in Alaska and that his country has invited Russia to inspect them.

Taylor confirmed that Ukrainian Defense Minister Anatoliy Hrytsenko had
asked U.S. general Henry Obering, during his recent visit to Kyiv, for
Ukrainian specialists to be given access the installations in Poland and the
Czech Republic.

“General Obering considers this a good idea. We will be developing it with
Ukraine and Russia, as well as with Poland and the Czech Republic,”

Taylor said.                                          -30-
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15.   TEXAS MAN SPREADING THE SOUNDS OF JOY
                 TO UKRAINE’S ORPHANS IN ODESSA

By Jim Butler, Eagle Staff Writer, The Bryan-College Station Eagle
Bryan, Texas, Sunday, March 18, 2007

Once upon a time there was a shiny new trumpet, and it made a little boy
very happy when he blew it with all his might, even though the boy’s
parents had their hands over their ears.

But it wasn’t long until the little boy found a new best friend in a soccer
ball. The trumpet was put away on the top shelf of the boy’s closet and
forgotten.

Years later, the boy’s son tried the trumpet, but again, the trumpet went
back in the closet. Then one day, the boy, who was now an old man, took
the trumpet out of the closet and sent it on a long journey where a little
boy in a faraway land fell in love with it, and the trumpet made joyful
noises. And the listeners didn’t put their hands over their ears.

The end.

George Stuart reckons he sold hundreds of instruments in the 15 years he
owned Stuart Music Co. in Bryan. Some of them were cast aside in favor of
new infatuations such as sports or dance.

Stuart would like to recycle smaller horns and wind instruments that are
idle in the Brazos Valley for use by an orphanage band in Odessa, Ukraine.

“Instruments last a long time. I still have the cornet my parents bought me
when I was 9,” said Stuart, who calls himself an “old codger” but refused to
disclose his precise age. “At church last week, a guy came up and told me I
could have the cornet from his closet.”

Stuart’s goal is to return to Odessa in two months with enough instruments
for his students and enough money for his expenses.

He hopes to receive donations of trumpets, cornets, clarinets, trombones,
saxophones, flutes and French horns. “I’m not a string person, and I don’t
know if I could find someone to teach strings.”

His unlikely story starts in 2001, when Stuart accompanied his elder son,
Randal, to Odessa to meet his son’s future wife, Olena. (Stuart’s younger
son, Tim, also married a woman from the Ukraine, but that’s another story.)

During that first visit to Odessa, George Stuart taught music and English to
kids in a Presbyterian church. Through the church’s youth minister, George
Stuart met Paul Becker, whose organization, Project Heritage House, helped
support Internat No. 4, an orphanage 45 minutes from Odessa.

George Stuart returned to Odessa in 2006 with the intent of working with the
church. (He is a member of Bryan’s First Presbyterian Church, and part of
his expenses have been paid by the church’s mission committee.)

But before Stuart made arrangements with the church, he got a call from
Becker. “I ended up teaching at the orphanage every day,” Stuart said. When
he went back to Odessa, Stuart brought a set of 25 tone chimes for the
students to play.

The orphanage, which is run by the ministry of education, was built for 200
children but has 400 residents 5 to 18 years old. Stuart’s students are all
in fifth grade. “They are a beautiful bunch of kids,” he said. “They are no
different from children anywhere. One boy, Vlad, had a crush on one of the
girls, Olya, and just had to sit by her.”

The class’s favorite song was Holy, Holy, Holy, and the class name for the
hymn came from Stuart sounding out the notes: ding dong, ding dong, ding
dong. Because the students spoke no English, and Stuart spoke no Russian,
the song became “Ding Dong.”

“I got T-shirts made for them that had a picture of a tone chime with the
words Ding Dongs, and that was the name of the band. The kids loved it.
They are very talented and eager to learn.”

Because of the language barrier, Stuart hired a translator and paid her for
two hours’ bus time plus time at the school. “She [the translator] was also
a musician, so she helped me teach,” Stuart said.

Stuart took photographs of the instruments to class and asked the students
whether anyone wanted to play one of them. “All of them raised their hand
except one boy. I asked him why, and he said he didn’t believe he could
ever have an instrument.”

Stuart recently spent three months in Odessa, returning to Bryan in
February. When not at the school, he spent time writing music for the
students and walking around the city. “Odessa has more than a million
people. It is a combination of the old architecture and a lot of new glass
and steel.”

Besides seeking donated instruments, Stuart needs money for expenses. The
mission committee has been a help, but most of Stuart’s financing has come
from his own pocket “and it’s running out.”
                                   ANYONE DESIRING TO HELP
Anyone desiring to help with instruments or money can contact Stuart at
229-4954 or by e-mail at
gstuart2002@hotmail.com.

“When I saw how fast the kids progressed with the chimes, I said, ‘I’ve just
got to get them some instruments.’ I just know there has to be a lot in
closets.”                                                      -30-
———————————————————————————————–
Jim Butler’s e-mail address is jim.butler@theeagle.com.
http://www.theeagle.com/stories/031807/lifestyles_20070318003.php
———————————————————————————————–
[return to index] [Action Ukraine Report (AUR) Monitoring Service]
========================================================
16. HER DARE-DEVIL LITERARY LEAP FROM TRACTORS TO
       CARAVANS: PROFILE OF AUTHOR MARINA LEWYCKA

PROFILE: Of novelist Marina Lewycka
First Novel: “A Short History of Tractors In Ukrainian”
The Sunday Times, London, UK, Sunday, March 18, 2007

High-octane wit and sparkiness helped boost Marina Lewycka’s improbably
named first novel, A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian, into a runaway
bestseller. Her uproarious comedy of manners made nearly every must-read
list and was even the No 1 choice of holidaying Labour MPs.

Two years on, the imminent publication of her follow-up book is prompting
speculation over whether the 60-year-old author has fulfilled the high
expectations of fans.

Writing a successful second novel can be a difficult trick to pull off.
Muriel Spark’s follow-up, Robinson, was her worst book by far. Neither
Monica Ali nor Zadie Smith were given rapturous receptions the second time
around. Often, a writer’s best efforts are eclipsed by the starburst of hype
surrounding their initial discovery.

The first shots in a likely critical battle over Lewycka’s new tragicomedy
Two Caravans, published this week, were fired in The Times.

The reviewer either had a sense of humour failure that day or was critically
unsparing, accusing the author of playing for “cheap laughs” and indulging
in linguistic “caricature” reminiscent of Manuel from Fawlty Towers.

But it will take more than one critic to shatter Lewycka’s belief that she
is about to stretch her literary wings.

“Publishing one’s first novel at 58 is both wonderful and terrifying,” she
said. “Terrifying, because I feel this sense of urgency now. I have so
little writing time left, and so many things I want to write.”

Such aspirations are only natural after being shortlisted for the 2005
Orange prize for fiction and winning the Bollinger Everyman Wodehouse
award.

A Ukrainian born in a refugee camp in Germany before growing up in
Yorkshire, she had been contemplating retirement from her job as a lecturer
on media and public relations at Sheffield Hallam University when her quaint
debut novel made her a rich woman who could take her pick of literary
festivals and foreign tours.

People who meet Lewycka tend to fall in love with her warmth and sense of
humour. “She is extremely likable and funny, without any pretension,” said
one. “She lives in the same house in Sheffield and has the same friends.”

A Short History of Tractors in Ukrainian is the infectiously funny tale of
the ructions within a dysfunctional Ukrainian immigrant family in Britain
when the ageing widower Nikolai is beguiled by a young, grasping Ukrainian
divorcée with Botticellian breasts who marries him to get a British
passport. Nikolai’s quarrelling daughters unite to resist the “fluffy pink
grenade” who explodes in their midst.

Two Caravans deals with another kind of economic migrant – workers on
strawberry farms exploited by gangmasters. Here is a larger cast of
characters, including Irina, just off the coach from Kiev and eager to find
true love with a romantic Englishman, two Chinese girls and an 18-year-old
from Malawi who has come to England to look for her sister.

Lewycka would have been happy to write a sequel to the Tractors book,

she admitted. “But everyone advised me against it, saying that sequels
inevitably compare badly with the original. They said I should write
something completely different but exactly the same – a tall order, but I
hope I’ve pulled it off.”

That’s precisely what she has done, according to Peter Kemp, the Sunday
Times fiction editor – an indication that a battle of reviewers lies ahead.
“Her last book was entertaining, but this one is better,” Kemp said.

“It’s a very buoyant, witty and informative book about the horrible jobs
that people from eastern Europe and Africa find themselves trapped in. It’s
a stylised comedy and not meant to be social realism. In fact I admire the
way she had managed to moderate the tone.”

For the disparate ensemble of Two Caravans she found inspiration in
Chaucer – one of her favourite poets, along with Shakespeare, Donne and
Keats. Unlike Chaucer, she writes mainly in bed, from early morning until
lunchtime. “It’s to do with the business of being in a separate world,” she
explained.

Her “lovely” husband, a mining consultant who once worked for the National
Union of Mineworkers, brings her porridge. (“He works at home, too, though
not in bed.”) She then places her laptop on the tray, which rests on a
beanbag to protect her from its heat.

The couple, who have a grown-up daughter, were 1960s left-wing activists who
met in the London commune where Lewycka was living. “It was all a bit
sordid,” she recalled. “When my mother visited, she would come down the
stairs with a dustpan and brush.”

One of the two unpublished books in her drawer was a serious political novel
that she hoped would “change the world”.

“I sent it to everybody, but no one wanted it. It was so mortifying.” She
started writing Tractors about 10 years ago, but her lucky break came when
she joined a free MA creative writing course at her university.

The students’ novels were sent out to an external examiner, who also
happened to be an agent. Bill Hamilton, of A M Heath, recalled: “Her book
was extremely polished.

She had the attention of the tutors, all of whom were well established
novelists who gave wonderful hands-on support and advice. That’s what
gave her the confidence to complete it.”

Lewycka not only presented Hamilton with a fully fledged book, but also a
title that stood out as strikingly original. It initially caused some
bookshops to shelve the novel in their agriculture sections, and Amazon to
list it under science and technology.

She even suggested the cover, arriving at a lunch with some “lovely, rather
naive Christmas cards to show the rather incompetent Ukrainian artwork that
she thought would be a good style”, Hamilton said.

Her acclaim in Britain was in stark contrast to the sense of alienation she
experienced in Yorkshire as a child. “I got picked on. They call it dual
heritage now: you’re one person with your friends, another with your
 family.” Her parents ate borscht and spoke a strange language.

She was born in a refugee camp in Kiel, Germany, at the end of the second
world war, the younger daughter of Ukrainian refugees. She was too young to
remember the camp.

“As I understand, when the Nazis invaded Ukraine, they took a lot of
able-bodied people to labour camps. My parents were part of that. At the end
of the war, they met through the Red Cross. I was the product of that
 union.”

They came to England because the camp was in a part of Germany that had
been liberated by the British in order to escape Stalin’s Soviet Union where
a grisly fate often awaited prisoners of war and labourers.

Her father was an eccentric who, like Nikolai, had written a book about
tractors. She thought the notion was hilarious. “But once I started looking
into the world of tractor enthusiasts, I got hooked. Tractors lack glamour,
but they feed the human race and they changed the world.”

She has been writing for as long as she can remember. She composed her
first poem at the age of four and a pile of rejection slips attest to her
perseverance. “It’s a compulsion. I have a story and I have to tell it. I’m
an Ancient Marina, in fact.”

Before Lewycka’s mother died, Marina taped their conversations, hoping to
write her story. But the war was taboo for both her parents, and she created
a blend of fact and fiction in Tractors.

It was only when she began researching Tractors that she realised she had a
family in Ukraine. Her parents had lost contact with their relatives and
believed that had all died in the second world war.

Chancing upon a Russian family-search website, she posted a query and
several months later three Cyrillic e-mails appeared in her inbox,
purporting to be from relatives. “This must be an e-mail scam,” she thought.

But the letters that arrived next took her breath away. There were
photographs of her parents as children and sepia photos of unknown
grandparents, aunts and uncles – “men with long moustaches and women in
crepe de Chine dresses and amazing hats”. And an invitation: “Marinochka,
please come!”

Her cousin Yuri met her in Kiev and took on her on a magical mystery tour of
her family in his old BMW. “I have an intense sense of homecoming,” she
wrote. There was her father’s dilapidated old house with its earth closet at
the back, and an 86-year-old neighbour who burst into tears.

“She tells us what she remembers: that the old Lewyckyjs were loved by
everybody; that the Germans tried to drive the whole population into the
River Bug as a reprisal for two soldiers killed by partisans.” The whole
experience, she said later, was “like stepping into the pages of my own
 book”.

She can only watch helplessly as the pages of her latest work are dissected.
But those who know Lewycka have little doubt that she will observe the
advice she gives to literary late-starters and those with other dreams to
fulfil: “Keep going, keep going. It’s not too late.”           -30-
———————————————————————————————-
http://women.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/women/article1530630.ece

———————————————————————————————–
[return to index] [Action Ukraine Report (AUR) Monitoring Service]
========================================================
17. UKRAINE WEEK AT WAYNE STATE UNIV, DETROIT, MICHIGAN
     Join Us For Series Of Events Exploring The History & Culture Of Ukraine!
                         Monday through Thursday, March 26-29, 2007

Action Ukraine Report (AUR) #825, Article 17
Washington, D.C., Monday, March 19, 2007

MONDAY, MARCH 26  INTRODUCTION TO UKRAINE
12:00 p.m. “Folkloric Motifs in Modern Ukrainian Culture: Introduction to
the folklife of contemporary Ukraine.” by Svitlana Rogovyk (U-Michigan Dept.
of Slavic Languages & Literatures) (Romanian Room, Manoogian 408)
1:00 p.m. Documentary: Ukraine  (Manoogian 368)
2:30 p.m.  “Issues in Ukrainian Linguistics” by Stephen Pobutsky (WSU)
(Greek Room, Manoogian 171)
3:45 p.m. Feature Film: Shadows of Forgotten Ancestors introduced by Prof.
Ken Brostrom (WSU Dept. of German & Slavic Studies). Discussion to follow.
(Manoogian 368)

TUESDAY, MARCH 27
12-3 p.m. Pysanky Egg Decorating Workshop with Roman Seniuk
(Romanian Room, Manoogian 408) (See http://romanseniuk.tripod.com/)
5:30 p.m. Feature Film: Everything is Illuminated introduced by Prof. Aaron
Retish (WSU Dept. of History) (Manoogian 368 )

WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28
1:00 p.m. “Democracy Building in the Regions: 15th Anniversary of
U.S.-Ukraine Foundation” by Vera Andrushkiw (US-Ukraine Foundation)
(Manoogian 91 )
5:30 p.m.  Documentary: Chernobyl Heart, followed by a discussion by Dr.
James Tucker (Chair, WSU Dept. of Biology) of the  Chernobyl accident and
his research on it.  (Manoogian 358)
7:00 p.m. Ambassador William Green Miller will speak on “U.S.-Ukraine
Relations after the Orange Revolution” at the Ukrainian Cultural Center at
26601 Ryan Road, Warren, MI.

THURSDAY, MARCH 29
2:00 p.m. “The Future of Ukrainian Democracy by 1993-1998 US Ambassador

to Ukraine” William Green Miller (Bernath Auditorium, Undergraduate Library)
Immediately followed by: A performance by soprano soloist Olga Yalovenko of
Ukraine
The Awards Ceremony for Visual Arts/Poetry Competition commemorating the
21st Anniversary of Chornobyl.

All events are free and open to the public
For more information, please contact Dr. Alina Klin at 313-577-6245
E-mail: ukraineweek@comcast.net; www.clas.wayne.edu/germanslavic
Sponsored by a WSU Office of the Provost Global Grant, the WSU Ukrainian
Endowment, the Department of Peace and Conflict Studies, and the Department
of Political Science. LINK: http://www.clas.wayne.edu/GermanSlavic/
———————————————————————————————–
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========================================================
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18.     ITALY’S ALTERNATIVE TO NURSING HOMES:

                             UKRAINIAN CAREGIVERS

Davide Berretta, Contributor to The Christian Science Monitor
Boston, MA, Thursday, March 15, 2007

PERUGIA, ITALY –  Each Saturday, as vendors at this city’s biggest
open market clear out their stalls to head home, dozens of middle-aged
women, too blond to be Italian, do their own kind of packing up.

Out in the dusty parking lot, the women load slightly outdated
clothes, cellphones, linens, and appliances into white vans. Tucked
in with letters and packets of money, the goods are destined for the
families in Ukraine these women have left behind. It’s a voluntary
exile that is driven by economic need at home – and a host country
desperate for their skills as live-in companions for the elderly.

An average life expectancy close to 80 years has left many families
struggling with how to care for aging parents while keeping up with
two careers. Wary of retirement homes, Italians have embraced the
Ukrainians with gusto as an answer to a shortage of in-home
caregivers, a professional role snubbed by many.

Over the past five years, the migrants, attracted by Italian wages,
have filled the gap, bringing economic benefits to both their home
and host countries.

“Italy has created this demand, and it has invented this solution,”
says Alessandro Castegnaro, statistics professor at the University of
Padua and one of the few scholars to have given academic attention to
what he calls a “hidden revolution.” He estimates that immigrant
caregivers are saving the Italian economy around $1 billion yearly.

“Without them, the national health system would edge towards
collapse” Sergio Pasquinelli, a social researcher, told the newspaper
La Repubblica last fall.

New deal on salaries, but illegals still work for less
With many immigrant caregivers believed to be working or residing in
Italy illegally, estimates of their numbers range broadly, from
600,000 to 1 million.

Depending on whether they work in the south or in the wealthier
north, most caregivers make between $750 and $900 a month.

Only over the last few years have Italy’s powerful labor unions taken
interest in this professional category, attempting to protect workers
in it from the long hours and low wages many employers impose on
needy immigrants.

A recent deal on caregiving contracts brokered with the federation of
domestic employers set the minimum monthly wage at $715, the maximum
number of weekly hours at 54, and paid vacations at 26 working days a
year, according La Repubblica Metropoli, a weekly supplement aimed at
immigrants that is published by one of Italy’s largest circulating
newspapers.

But many workers overlook the strict regulations in order to land a
job. “Clandestinity [living and working illegally] is caused not only by
laws that complicate regularization, but also by Italian families’
demand for low wages,” says Professor Castegnaro.

Ukrainians ‘work harder’ and are more in demand
While caregivers come from a number of countries including Moldova,
Romania, and Peru, the main caregiver exporter to Italy is Ukraine.

Ukraine’s social volatility and a steadily rising inflation rate that
touched 18 percent in 2005 – the legacy of a sudden transition from a
state-controlled to a market economy – have pushed workers abroad in
search of higher wages.

“Prices now are almost as high as in Italy; salaries are not,” says
Tatiana, who was a cook in northern Ukraine before coming to Perugia
two years ago.

“Italy is good, we all like it. People are kinder,” says Tatiana,
whose 18-year-old son is still in Ukraine. She cannot go back until
she receives her residence papers.

But some of the differences are less appealing: “Dogs and cats here
are pampered more than children in Ukraine. Stores here will throw
away food the day after the expiration date. In Ukraine they will
leave it there for three, four months,” observes Tatiana. “It hurts,
for me to live and eat well, while my son does not.”

Ukraine has seen incoming remittances increase by a factor of 18 in
six years: from $33 million in 2000 to $595 million in 2005,
according to the World Bank.

Over the same period, Italy’s small Ukrainian immigrant community,
once numbering a few thousand, has become the fourth-largest in
Italy. Females make up more than 80 percent of residents – the
highest gender disparity among foreign residents here.

“Our women go to Italy, our men to Portugal,” agrees Alina, a
smiling, short-haired woman from Kamianets-Podilskyi, 250 miles
southwest of Kiev. Her Italian is brisk and lively, punctuated by
“Madunnina mia,” a typically Italian stock phrase that literally
means “Oh my little Mary.”

She sits down to talk with me with her cleaning gloves still on,
after finishing her housecleaning duties at a family house where she
had previously worked as a caregiver.

When asked why Ukrainians have developed a reputation being most
reliable, she replies: “Ukrainian women like to work more.”

Part of it might have to do with education. More than 30 percent of
Ukrainians in Italy hold the equivalent of a bachelor’s degree, and
another third a high school degree.

“I was an accountant in a huge factory,” says Alina, “but all of the
sudden, my supervisor told me there was no diesel, no gas, no money,
no job. After a month, my children were growing, we needed the money,
and there were no jobs. It was then that I heard that so many had
gone to Italy to work.”

A temporary stint, but still yearning for home
Most of the Ukrainian women here seem to view their time abroad as

an investment, not a permanent relocation.

What makes this kind of temporary migration most convenient is the
compatibility between the workers and the clients’ needs regarding
living arrangements. A nuisance for the few Italian caregivers still
in the business – the necessity to live at home with the elderly – is
a crucial advantage for immigrants, allowing them to bypass their two
biggest expenses: food and rent.

The length of their time abroad varies: some stay only a few years;
others, like Alina, plan to stay 10 years.

“It is a long time, especially now, with my little nephews of 4 and 7
months,” she says. In the meantime, sending money and goods home
brings some relief.

“I just bought a big suitcase,” says Alina, “and filled it with
presents, like a beautiful, warm jacket for my David, at 50-percent
off.”                                                          -30-
————————————————————————————–
LINK: http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0315/p01s03-woeu.html

———————————————————————————————–
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                      HOTMAIL.COM AND YAHOO.COM

We are also having serious problems with hotmail and yahoo servers not
delivering the AUR and other such newsletters. If you have an e-mail
address other than hotmail or yahoo it is better to use that one.

========================================================
                          PUBLISHER AND EDITOR – AUR
Mr. E. Morgan Williams, Director, Government Affairs
Washington Office, SigmaBleyzer, The Bleyzer Foundation

Emerging Markets Private Equity Investment Group
President, U.S.-Ukraine Business Council
P.O. Box 2607, Washington, D.C. 20013, Tel: 8 050 689 2874
mwilliams@SigmaBleyzer.com; www.SigmaBleyzer.com
========================================================
       Power Corrupts and Absolute Power Corrupts Absolutely.
========================================================
return to index [Action Ukraine Report (AUR) Monitoring Service]
========================================================
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