Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Turkmenistan unite against Russia
By Nikolai Orlov, Rossiya, No. 48
Moscow, Russia, Thursday, December 15, 2005
For the first time since the Cold War ended and the USSR collapsed,
a political alliance against Russia is being established on Eurasian territory.
The leading roles in this alliance are played by some former Soviet
republics: Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, and Turkmenistan.
With the West’s help, they are trying to drive Moscow out of
the Caucasus and the Black Sea area. In the south, Tbilisi, Kiev,
and Chisinau are cooperating in the energy sector and establishing
transport corridors from Central Asia and the Caspian region to
Europe, bypassing Russia. And while the leaders of Moldova and
Ukraine are playing their game diplomatically, Georgia is openly
requesting the United States and the European Union to provide
“real support” in “removing the remnants of Russian influence.”
That primarily concerns the military basis allegedly responsible
for the existence of separatist regimes in Abkhazia and South
Ossetia. Thus, with the help of our former satellite states, the
West is steadily implementing its plan to establish a cordon
sanitaire around Russia, from the Caucasus to the Baltic Sea.
President Saparmurat Niyazov of Turkmenistan was the first to
make a contribution to breakup of the CIS and creation of an anti-
Russian axis in the south of the post-Soviet space. At the CIS
summit in Kazan on August 27, Niyazov announced through his
representative that Turkmenistan gave up permanent membership in
the CIS and moved to the category of associate members.
Turkmenbashi also said that he did not like summits of the CIS at
such at all. If we recall summits of the CIS leaders, already in
the mid-1990s it was noticeable that Niyazov felt bored by the
plenary meetings and integration in the post-Soviet space. The
only thing that leased him were personal meetings with Yeltsin,
especially when Yeltsin was ill and weak. Niyazov mostly kept
silent and was listening at the summits. He had no wish to visit
Kazan being tired and sent Deputy Prime Minister Akyev instead of
Thus, Turkmenistan departed on autonomous voyage. Making of
this decision was reportedly difficult for the Turkmenbashi. He
fluctuated for many years but finally chose independence and
decided to say goodbye. Ukraine and Georgia are evidently the next
in a queue.
It turned out that all CIS member states had their own
visions of the future. Two groups of interests appeared. The first
got united around Russia and the second started building the anti-
Russian axis in the south. Turkmenbashi refused to take part in
this shady enterprise referring to the neutral status of his
country. He remained in Ashkhabad watching the events. On the
contrary, presidents of Georgia, Ukraine and Moldova began
construction of the new anti-Russian bloc with enthusiasm.
Mikhail Saakashvili is the most active participant of this
block. Saakashvili stated that CIS finally outlived itself and
time came to create a new association. The purpose of this
association is combating of the influence of Moscow. At the forum
of the Community of Democratic Choice held in early December in
Kiev Saakashvili released a zealous speech. In its form the speech
was a program and in its essence it was anti-Russian rhetoric.
Saakashvili called for surrounding of Russia on all sides and
blocking of the way to the West for it, because democracy would
allegedly come to Russia quicker then. In the forum in Kiev
participated 23 countries, nine of them being represented by the
presidents, as well as leaders of OSCE and Council of Europe. At
the meeting nine countries of the Baltic, Black Sea and Caspian
regions signed a declaration on establishment of a new inter-state
alliance named Community of Democratic Choice (CDC). It included
Georgia, Ukraine, Moldova, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Romania,
Macedonia and Slovenia.
Interestingly, the countries being Russia’s debtors claim the
leading role in the CDC. These are Georgia, Ukraine and Moldova.
Having returned from Kiev, Mikhail Saakashvili and Moldovan
President Vladimir Voronin immediately called on Russia to
withdraw its troops in an accelerated manner.
Simultaneously with establishment of the CDC Georgia, Ukraine
and Moldova are also negotiating on revival of GUAM block that
includes not only these republics but also formally Azerbaijan.
Because President of Azerbaijan Ilkham Aliev refuses to actively
participate in the anti-Russian actions, Tbilisi, Chisinau and
Kiev decided to revive this organization in trilateral format and
to name it GUM. According to Saakashvili, after the victory of
“democracy” in Georgia and Ukraine GUM “will play an important
role in the issues of regional security and liquidation of
separatism in the post-Soviet space.”
According to the Georgian President, the new incarnation of GUAM
will bear not as much economic nature (it has been declared during
establishment of the bloc) as political nature. The presidents of Georgia,
Ukraine and Moldova do not hide that the main task of reanimation of
GUAM is counteraction to “Russian imperialism” in the region,
conduction of coordinated policy for ousting of Russia from the
Caucasus and from the Trans-Dniester Republic and formation of
transport corridors bypassing Russia. The matter is actually about
creation of a “sanitary cordon” for isolation of Russia form Europe and
Transcaucasia. (Translated by Pavel Pushkin) -30-